The National Museum "The Memorial in Commemoration of Famines' Victims in Ukraine" is Dedicated to Victims of Terrible Tragedies, Which Took Place in the History of Ukrainian People.
During the whole period of existence of soviet regime, Ukrainian people went through the terrible tragedies - the famines of 1921-1922, 1932-1933, and 1946-1947. They murdered millions of Ukrainians. The most horrible humanitarian catastrophe of Ukraine of the XXth century was the starvation of 1932-1933, artificially created by Stalin's regime, that resulted into 3 million 941 thousand deaths. Taking into consideration 6 million 122 thousand unborn babies, Ukraine lost 10 million 63 thousand people (data of the M. V. Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the NAS of Ukraine). Having killed the innocent people by famine, the Bolshevik regime wanted to erase the memory about them as well.
In the USSR, spreading any information about the famine was considered to be calumniation against the Soviets, which led to appropriate penalties. However, Ukrainians managed to survive and preserve their memories about the innocent people killed by famine. They began to talk about starvation in public only after declaration of independence of Ukraine.
On November 28th, 2006, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the law "On the Holodomor of 1932- 1933 in Ukraine". The law resolved the issue of building in Kyiv the Memorial to the Victims of Holodomors in Ukraine in order to establish a center of preserving memory about the victims of the three famines.
To commemorate the innocent people murdered by starvation, the memorial complex was created on the Dnipro's slopes in 2008. The ceremony of the Memorial's opening was dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Holodomor of 1932-1933. On November 22nd, 2008 the Memorial in Commemoration of Famines' Victims in Ukraine was opened for the first visitors.
On July 8, 2009 according to the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the State Museum "The Memorial in Commemoration of Famines' Victims in Ukraine" was founded. On February 18, 2010 it gained the status of the National museum. The Museum was founded by the Central Body of Executive power - the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.
Global Search Project Dedicated to the 80th Anniversary Of Holodomor in Ukraine
"Let's Remember Them… They lived in Famines' Years"
National Museum "The Memorial in Commemoration of Famines' Victims in Ukraine" is the centre of commemorating innocent people who were murdered by famine in the first half of the 20th century. Today the Museum works on broadening its activity and gradually becomes the centre for scientific research as well.
The Museum initiates Global search project "Let's remember them… They lived in famines' years" dedicated to the 80th anniversary of Holodomor of 1932-1933 on establishing names of famines' victims of 1921-1922, 1932-1933 and of 1946-1947 years in Ukraine.
Constant search and research works on famine accumulated unique material that contains unbiased information about the events of those times and testimonies of famines' victims in Ukraine and abroad. Thus it appeared an urgent need to concentrate all the information of the famines' victims of 1921-1922, 1932-1933 and 1946-1947 years in Ukraine in one place, namely to create a complete and systematic registry of victims of three famines.
HOLODOMOR 1932-1933 IN UKRAINE
At the end of the 1920ies Stalin took up leading role in Bolshevik government. He concentrated an absolute power in his hands and set up total control over the society. The main task which was appointed to the country was an implementation of the idea of world revolution headed by the USSR and establishment of the socialism. Realization of that task required wholesale modernization in military and industrial sectors, which had been carried out by two means: forced industrialization and collectivization.
Forced collectivization and augmentation of bread supply quotas led to destruction of traditional way of farming. Peasants were urged to join collective farms, which were under transformation into the instruments of exploitation. Joining collective farm meant for peasants loss of their land, agricultural implements and ability to control results of their work. They became dependent workers who had no rights. Centralized accumulation of grain and other agricultural goods led to scarcity of food among peasants. Thereby mass starvation began. The most difficult situation was in Ukraine and in the North Caucasus.
Totalitarian methods of governing caused resistance among Ukrainian peasants. For instance, around 4098 riots involving more than 1.2 million of discontented took place in Ukraine in 1930 and in the North Caucasus, where Ukrainians comprised a major part of population – 1061 (with approximately 250 thousand of participants).